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Functional Literacy, Education and Mass Media Survey (FLEMMS)

Name of Organization: 
Geographical Scope: 
General Objectives:
To provide quantitative framework that will serve as basis in the formulation of policies and programs on the improvement of literacy and education status of the population
Specific Objectives:
  1. to measure the simple literacy rate of the population;
  2. to measure functional literacy levels of the population;
  3. to determine the education and skills qualifications of the population;
  4. to estimate the proportion of the population who are functionally literate and to determine their socio-economic characteristics;
  5. to determine the educational skills qualifications of the population in terms of the formal and non-formal schooling;
  6. to determine the mass media exposure of the basic and functionally literate population.
Target Population: Members aged 10 - 64 years old of the selected sample households
Published reports in 1989 and 1995; 2003 FLEMMS released in December 2004.
Cost (specify currency): 
15 million PHP (2004 FLEMMS)
Funding sources: 
Philippine Government
Source of Data: 
Own source of data
Type of Data Collection: 
Administrative Data
Random sample population survey
Specifications of type of data collection: 
Selected sample households in the Philippines using multi-stage stratified sampling design. The 2003 FLEMMS utilized the 2003 Master Sample for household-based surveys of the PNSO, comprising 2,835 primary sampling units.
A PSU consisted of one barangay or a group of 2 or more contiguous barangays with at least 500 households.
The 2003 FLEMMS used a stratified multi-stage survey design. This involved selecting the PSUs at the first stage, selecting enumeration areas within the sample PSUs at the second stage and selecting housing units within sampled Eas at the third stage.
Measurement Methods / Tools Generated or Used : 
The FLEMMS contained a combination of qualitative and quantitative questions to attain the 6 specific objectives.
List of Indicators: 
  1. Simple literacy rate.
  2. Functional literacy levels.
  3. Proportion of population who are functionally literate by age, sex, highest grade completed and other socio-demographic and economic characteristics.
  4. Proportion of population in formal and non-formal schooling.
  5. Proportion of simple literate population who are exposed to mass media.
  6. Proportion of functionally literate population who are exposed to mass media.
Main Users: 
Civil society
Donor agencies
International agencies
Policy makers