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Examples of governance indicators and their sources

Set out below is an illustrative table of governance indicators and their sources that might be included in a mapping of governance indicators in a country.


Governance Indicators and their sources
Possible governance dimensions
Possible indicators
Possible sources and underlying data
Access to justice
Security of tenure of the judiciary and its access to resources
Ministry of justice data
Equality in access to justice (access to legal representation, fair trial/due process, etc.)
NGO data, court records, police records, prison records
Confidence in the legal system amongst citizens
Public surveys
Existence of political terror, unjustified imprisonment, exile, or torture
NGO data, police records, hospital records
Trust in the police amongst citizens
Public surveys
Warden/prisoner density
Prison records
Period of time pre-trial detainees (remand prisoners) in prisons
Prison and court records
Number of deaths in prison as a result of poor nutrition
Prison records
Control of the military (civilian and democratic control or otherwise)
Analysis of accountability structures in the military chain of command
Existence of institutions to manage, prevent or resolve conflicts
Analysis of institutions with a mandate to resolve/mediate conflict
Police/population density
Police and census records
Promotion and protection of human rights
Reported human rights abuses
NGO data, police records
Regularity and quality of country reporting to treaty bodies
Analysis of treaty reports
Discrimination against minority groups
Official records, NGO data, media reports, surveys
Discrimination against women
Official records, NGO data, media reports, surveys
Access to social security and employment
Employment data
Access to education
Ministry of education records
Laws and regulations relating to public procurement and existence of financial management and information systems
Analysis of laws
Laws related to declaration of assets
Analysis of laws
Existence of auditing and investigative bodies that function without impediment or political pressure or influence
NGO data, media reports
Training programmes for law enforcement officers to detect corruption
Data from relevant ministries
Existence of laws to prosecute corruption
Analysis of laws
Perceptions of corruption amongst citizens
Public surveys
Perceptions of corruption amongst firms
Firm surveys
Decentralized local governance
Participation of local communities in local government decision-making processes
Community surveys, analysis of local government proceedings rules, media reports
Provision of public goods and services
Public satisfaction surveys, citizen reports cards
Confidence in local government.
Public surveys
Access to information
Independence of the media
NGO data on government censorship laws and practice, revenue sources for the media
Attacks on journalists
NGO data, media reports, police records
Freedom of official/public information legislation
Survey of laws
Presence of an information management system for government departments and ministries
Survey of government officials
Electoral systems and processes, including political parties
Existence of universal adult suffrage
Analysis of laws, including voting regulations
Free and fair elections as judged by national CSOs and international observers
Analysis of international reports
Independent electoral commission
Registration and formation processes for political parties
NGO data, media reports, analysis of laws
Registration processes for voters
Analysis of regulations, public surveys, NGO data
Financing of political parties
Analysis of regulations, NGO data, media reports
Political parties' access to the public through the media and ability to openly campaign
Surveys of political parties, analysis of media reports
Functioning and representative parliament
Composition of parliament reflects social composition of the electorate
Voters' registrars, census data, analysis of composition of parliamentarians
Opportunities for CSOs and citizens to comment on and influence pending policies or legislation
NGO reports
Accessibility of the proceedings of parliament and the reports of its various committees to the public
Analysis of proceedings rules, CSO data
Effective functioning of parliamentary committees
Survey of parliamentarians
Separation of powers between parliament and the executive
Analysis of laws
Civil society
Legal framework for free association and formation of NGOs and unions
Analysis of laws, NGO surveys, media reports.